Project no. 8 : K-12 Enhancement Program

Why there’s a need for K-12 Program?
How the K-12 program works?
What K-12 program is exactly?


To our guests and fellow toastmasters, thank you so much for coming along here tonight. I hope you learn something from tonight’s presentation.


The purpose of this presentation is to explain to you why we have to change our curriculum to K-12 program. Secondly, I am going to discuss how this k-12 program works. Finally, I am going to cover on what k-12 is exactly.


Now let me begin with the question, “ Why there’s a need to change our Educational Program? I’d like you to look at the findings after the survey was conducted by NSO 2008 Functional Literacy, Education and Mass Media Survey (FLEMMS), the number of Filipinos, aged 10-64, who don’t understand what they read has grown to 20.1 million. Not only that, our students now ranked the lowest in Asia when it comes to Math and Science. This is a shocking experience, isn’t it? It is because we are an English speaking country, where most of our neighboring countries come to Philippines to study since 1960s and 1970s. Not only that, I am so sad and disappointed that we ranked poor. We were ranked 99th out of 138 countries, ranked 69th in our educational system and 112th in Science and Math and 76th on internet access.

I would like to direct you to the next slide to see one of the factors that contribute to this. As you can see only Philippines has 10 education years and other countries that top the international ranking on Math, Science and Reading have more than 10 years.

Because of this, Philippines now aims to catch up with the other countries. We can’t continue on our current 10 years if some of our graduates have felt the need to study and work abroad. Why do we have to modify our Educational System, it is to solve the problem.


How this K-12 works?

Kindly direct your eyes to the next slide, as you can see, Kindergarten now is compulsory. All children who start grade 1 and grade 7 last year will use the K-12 curriculum. After ten years, they will proceed to the 2-year senior high school, in which they will choose their specialization in 2016. After their graduation, they will receive their TESDA certification that qualify them to work locally or abroad.

We have what we called trifocalization, which CHED, TESDA and DepEd collaborate to create a coherent curriculum. Even the private sectors and industry are involved in making the K-12 curriculum in order to equip students with the skills for future employment.


Finally, what is K-12 Enhancement Program?

It is a Republic Act 10533 or called K-12 basic education program law. Two years will be added to the 4 year high school curriculum. The additional years will serve as specializations for senior high school students’ vocational skills, music, arts and sports.

It is decongested because it offers a more balance approach to learning that enable the students to master lifelong skills. In fact now, the guides are focus on activity on enhancement of the child’s talent and skills.

It is seamless because there is there is also continuity of competencies and standards from elementary to secondary level through a unified curriculum framework

It is relevant and responsive because the curriculum responds to the needs of the community. For example, since Cebu is the call center hub in the Philippines. Maybe we can open call center training as an elective courses to matched with the labor market.

It is enriched because it is integrative, inquiry -based and constructive approach to develop the competencies of learners.

At last, K-12 curriculum is a learner centered that focuses on the optimum development of the Filipino child.




Now, K-12 has been implemented and it’s become a law. All we can do now is just to cooperate. I personally believe that K-12 education in the Philippines would uplift the quality life of the Filipino people. As a teacher, I will continue to teach with love and love what I teach.



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