It is easy to access on the site our Professor Baxter had given to us. I became familiar about the anatomical terms and locating each to the program. Then, I have noticed how letters differ from their sounds by looking at the vibration of the vocal cords. How amazing it was on how letters and sounds worked together.
Then I had started exploring the section and following all the guidelines. Then I click on vowels. Vowel is speech sound created by the relatively free passage of breath through the larynx and oral cavity, usually forming the most prominent and central sound syllable. When I produced the front vowel letters like e, i , ǽ, ε. I observed that I really need to raise the front of my tongue and I need to have the tongue-tip behind the lower front teeth. I have the front of the tongue relax and teeth and lips spread apart. While the back vowel letters like ð. u, U. I need to raise the back of my tongue towards the soft palate and keep the tongue towards the soft palate. I keep the tongue tip behind the lower front teeth and raise the palate, so a voiced sound resulted. Lastly, it is the central, which I keep my mouth relaxed and wide open. I keep my tongue relaxed almost flat with the back slightly raised. I raised the middle of the tongue about halfway towards the hard palate when producing the “a” sound.
A diphthong is a combination of two vowel sounds blended together in one syllable to create a single sound like for example aI, aU,I. In Cebuano or Tagalog we have also diphthongs also known as diptonggo like the word “ayaw”, which means don’t and in Tagalog “bahay” means house.
We observed that I and i differ in their sound production. This sound I “i” in pill, bit, or thing is represented by the letter.”y” in syrup or in the city; the “ee” in been; the o in women; the guilt ; the ‘ie’ n sieve; the ei in forfeit and the unaccented ‘e’ dead in the endings of regular verbs in the past tense. On the other hand, the sound i ‘e’ as in bee or beat sends a long sound out. The length of the vowel is relative. The sound has many spellings ‘ee’ as in free or meet, ‘ie’ as in field or thief, ‘ea’ as in meat or meal; ‘ey’ as in key and even ‘ei’ as in receive or ceiling.
Now let me examine the consonant. A consonant is a speech sound produced by partial or complete obstruction of air stream by any of various constrictions of speech organs. These are divided into two voiceless, no vibration in larynx and voiced, there is vibration. We have noticed that the complete closures occur for n is when you raise the tip of your tongue behind your upper gum while ŋ will stop on your middle portion of the tongue and hard palate. Both of them are voiced nasal consonants.
I noticed that P is a voiceless consonant, which is no vibration happens in the vocal cords, which B is voiced because it vibrates. Both of them use lips as articulators. T, voiceless and D, voiced, which are both tongue tip and upper gum ridge. They are all called the Plosives Stops Consonants. These are the consonants that most non-native speaker have a problem into because they sometimes interchanged them or worse even same sound with the vernacular we had.
Fricatives are consonants that are formed by impeding the flow of air somewhere in the vocal apparatus so that a friction-sound is produce while the affricates are consonants that are formed by stopping the flow of air somewhere in the vocal apparatus, and then releasing the air relatively slowly,so that a friction-sound is produced. The f and v are labiodentals, which mean they are articulated with the lower lip and upper teeth.
A sibilant sound characterized by, or producing a hissing sound like that of (s) or (sh) as noted in our reader.In the Th sounds as θ and σ can’t be produced with out the toque touched the teeth. The ɵ is produced as voiceless fricatives while the d is voiced lingua-alveolar which belongs to stop consonants as above mentioned. As non-native speakers, we tend to mispronounce Th as d like ‘mother’.
[l] and [r] are typical liquids. I think they will not interchange because it is usually emphasized when we speak. These consonants are common to all language used.The last type of consonants is glides. Unlike liquids, they are semi-vowels / semi-consonants like ‘w’ and ‘j’. Examples of the sound ‘j’ are yellow, opinion and yes.
I really learn many things from this site especially about the pronunciation of a particular letter. It is really a worthwhile and fun CAL experience.